How to Draw a Spider, Real Spider

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STEP 1. First thing's first. You will need some good paper to work on. This is what I used. It may be more or less expensive depending on where you buy it. Notice that this is VELLUM and not SMOOTH bristol.   STEP 2. As for the drawing material I used: --1. Derwent graphite pencils. These are the most common type that come in sets and they are of very good quality. Remember that 9B is the softest and darkest while H is the hardest and lightest. --2.Charcoal sticks. The thin one is soft charcoal and the thick one is hard charcoal. I use these when I want to quickly shade in a large area. --3. Carbon pencil and mechanical pencil. The carbon pencil is a life save when you want to add extremely dark lines and this Staedtler mechanical pencil is amazing at rendering thin crisp lines. --4. Erasers and sharpeners. As far as erasers go a kneadable eraser and a decent hard eraser should be ample. I also like using the Tri Eraser for details. As for sharpeners make sure that your blades are actually sharp. If the blade goes dull replace it! It is also nice to have a good razer for sharpening your pencils especially the ones that won't fit in your sharpener. --5. Tortillions. Use these for blending. Try to get atleast on jumbo one and one small one. --6. Jumbo graphite. The large Triograph pencils are great for covering large areas and drawing thick lines. The graphite crayon is also great for quick shading.   STEP 3. Alright here is a crash course in Spider anatomy. The spider's body has two sections. The first being the cephalothorax which includes the head and thorax. The second section is the abdomen. The spinnerets are at the end of the abdominal section and the fangs are at the end of the cephalothorax. All spiders have eight legs and two pedipalps (basically arms). So with this basic knowledge, let us get started!   STEP 4. Start by sketching in two ovals for the two sections of the body. Divide them down the middle for reference purposes.   STEP 5. Next, sketch in the legs and pedipalps. Note that they are all divided into five sections.   STEP 6. now you can start shading around the spider to give it more form. Keep the shading fairly light for now.   STEP 7. Now we can start shading. I decided to start with the head. Remember to use the B pencils for dark shading. I used 8B and 9B. Also notice how I added more emphasis to the five foremost limbs; it is easier to see the sections on them now.   STEP 8. I recommend using a pencil in the HB to 3B range for this next step. start by lightly sketching in the leg hairs. Notice how the are all slanted away from the body.   STEP 9. I recommend using a pencil in the HB to 3B range for this next step. start by lightly sketching in the leg hairs. Notice how the are all slanted away from the body.   STEP 10. After the first layer add another one using the darker pencils. Repeat this process with the other legs.   STEP 11. Here is the result of the previous steps. I also went ahead and started working in the background. Don't worry about getting those hairs perfect just yet.   STEP 12. I went ahead and sketched in the first layer of hair for the rest of the legs during this step. I also added another rock to the background.   STEP 13. This is the result of adding the second darker layer to the legs. I decided to start darkening the ground around the spider during this step. Also, notice the guidelines for the hair on the spiders back.   STEP 14. This step saw further development of the ground around the spider. I recomment using 8B and 9B for that. I also added a second layer to the spider's back.   STEP 15. Adding a third layer to the spider's back renders it complete. The next step depends on how detail oriented you are. All that is left to do is to add details. Your kneadable eraser and mechanical pencil are irreplaceable when it comes to this step. You do not Necessarily have to outline every little hair but you just have to outline and define enough of them that it looks fairly natural.   STEP 16. Here is the final product. After at least 7 hours of working on this drawing this was as much detail as I felt like putting into it. Again, it is really up to you to decide how much detail you want in your drawing. I hope this tutorial was helpful!   Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8. Step 9. Step 10. Step 11. Step 12. Step 13. Step 14. Step 15. Step 16.