How to Sketch a Bird

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STEP 1. This first step is the reference picture I used for sketching. I turned the color picture to black and white so I could see the tones and values and sketch them into the drawing. And once you have your picture on the computer, it's easy to make larger for details you might miss.   STEP 2. MECHANICAL PENCILS - You want to know what pencils I use? Here they are along with how their lead appears in the crosshatch, line, and circular shading. They start from light (H) to dark (B). ------ 9B'S & BLENDERS - Click on the picture with my very dark graphite and blending stumps. You can actually shade a little with blending stumps without the graphite (if it's a little dirty with graphite already on it). Try this stuff out. It really goes a long way in creating a realistic pictures or even sketches. IF YOU DON'T HAVE THESE, JUST USE A REGULAR NO.2 PENCIL & TISSUE TO BLEND.   STEP 3. Now let's start sketching! First start with these interesting shapes. Start with the 2 oval circular shapes. For bird's head draw the bisecting line. Also draw the legs and slanted decline, which is the tree.   STEP 4. Draw in the bird's head and beak.   STEP 5. Now lightly draw the dividing point of the beak, draw 2 tight circles for the eye-don't forget the highlights, which are 2 tiny shapes. Now draw in the marking along the length of the bird's head.   STEP 6. Your bird is developing beautifully. Lightly draw in the wing & feathers, the bird's torso and tail.   STEP 7. Now you can draw in the bird's fluffy parts of the body and don't forget the legs.   STEP 8. Lastly, we have the tree and moss. Take your time to add curves and wavering lines, which add character.   STEP 9. Working at a university in the audio visual department as an artist taught me lots of professional terms. One is "thumbnail sketch." Sometimes I would receive clients that needed logos, pamphlets, murals, silk-screened t-shirts done and I would draw a thumbnail sketch so they could have a preview of what we would do. Now, I would like to share some professional terms we used in the workplace. Click on SKETCH TERMS to see some different applications of sketches.   STEP 10. Overhand is great for writing or fine details. Underhand is like rollerblading through walking traffic--it goes fast! Try tonal shading. It's a great exercise.   STEP 11. Here are more exercise in case you want to practice for more realism. Heyyyy, I practice too! *giggle* And don't worry about crocked lines. That's all part of the practice   STEP 12. Here is another challenge. Remember the days in school when you had to swim, write, type, learn quicker? Sketching and doodling is that kind of exercise too. Draw three strokes really fast in that second. Follow those arrows on the line strokes. Start out slow, then speed up. This helps you to make feathers on birds or fur on animals without taking a long time.   STEP 13. Here is how the pencil outline looks without the the guidelines. If you haven't already, erase those guidelines and see if your bird looks a little like this one.   STEP 14. Relax and draw lightly nice short lines in the direction of the picture. This is where you need to observe the picture.   STEP 15. Darken in the bird's markings and eye. Then work your way to define the feathers and underbelly of the bird. Also do not forget to draw more details on the legs & feet.   STEP 16. I am doing these sketches in stages so you can see how I progress and maybe you can mimic that process. Now that I've sketched in the bird, I do a medium shading by stroking with lines. If you want you can shade in the circular method.   STEP 17. This next step is to give more texture to the tree trunk. I've used a 180-grit sandpaper. If you don't have any sandpaper, you can use other material with texture or simply dot with your pencil.   STEP 18. Blend the bird's underbelly with a tortillon or blending stump. There are too many details to use tissue paper. Now the tree is different. You can use tissue paper on it or a blending stump.   STEP 19. I gradually added more graphite, using 9B pencil on the markings, underbelly and tree area. You can add more darkness with your regular No.2 pencil.   STEP 20. Three things I did here. Added darker tone, darkened the background to make the bird pop out. Also I added whiter areas with White Titanium Acrylic paint on the moss, legs of bird, different feather & fluffy areas, also around the edge of the bird's body. At this point the sky added texture, but I wanted it smooth and the bird to be focused on. The next picture gives the result of my decision.   STEP 21. This is the result. I used a 9B graphite crayon for that deep black. The next couple of steps will give you tips on tone, shading, highlights, etc.   STEP 22. Here is how tone, shading, texture and reflective light affected this picture of our bird.   STEP 23. And, last but not least, are HIGHLIGHTS. Click on this picture to see where it applies! In closing this tutorial of "How to Sketch a Bird," I must say it has been my pleasure to teach this. Also I'd like to hear if the extra tips made a difference for you. Let me know if you've drawn from this tutorial so I can comment, fav, and vote on your creation. Please don't be shy. I'd love to hear what you have to say. Don't forget to comment, fav, and vote for me too! Keep an eye out for more tuts from me. I will have "How to Sketch" a lion, tiger and "How to Draw a Realistic Rabbit" tutorials coming soon. Luv you all so much! *blowkiss* *tight hug*   Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Step 8. Step 9. Step 10. Step 11. Step 12. Step 13. Step 14. Step 15. Step 16. Step 17. Step 18. Step 19. Step 20. Step 21. Step 22. Step 23.