Lion Anatomy Drawing

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STEP 1. Skeleton - I'm going to dissect this cat anatomy from bone to flesh. Let's observe the skeleton of a basic generic cat. Notice how the bones of a cat aren't as complex as say a human. Though this isn't an exact replica of a feline skeletal structure, it's a basic layout of what it generally looks like. The shoulder bone is the largest bone on the cat. Also note that a cat's bones are very dense to aid in their performance of running. It would be pretty helpful to use these diagrams for future reference if you'd want to 'zombifiy' a cat, or need a feline skeletal reference for a gory scene. Whatever the use, study various poses and angles of these creatures in a skeletal format (which may be difficult since Google is rather limited with things such as that). Having a wide variety of references is crucial for a successful artist's palette.   STEP 2. Organs - Here's a simplistic breakdown of a feline's organs. Notice there isn't much here, just the basics. This reference would be great to use if you're drawing again, gory scenes or some sort of macabre which requires references of feline organs.   STEP 3. The Muscular Anatomy - Here's another breakdown of the muscular components that dress the cat. Study all the various tendon discolorations and the way the muscles intersect with one another.   STEP 4. Again, we must understand why a feline's head is shaped the way it is from the inside out. Here, I dissect the skull of a cat, and show you the teeth and the way they are formed. The upper jaw always overbites the lower jaw. If you ever stretch open the lips of your kitty's mouth, you'll see that the upper teeth overlap the bottom and that they are quite sharp.   STEP 5. Here's a lovely breakdown of the paws as many artists aren't aware of how the paw should be structured. Remember, a cat's claws are retractable, therefore, they are hidden within the paw, with only the tip of it seeping out, unlike a dog, where their nails are constantly revealed. If you're going for a realistic approach on drawing canines, it would be wise to reference various types of paws at Google Images. An artist's greatest weapon is reference!   STEP 6. Now, it's important that you know the focal points of paws, since they are the main weapons of battle for felines. Typically, the two middle paw toes are the largest toes on the entire paw. The claws will be similar in size though. Another thing is that, when paws are spanned upon a surface, their toes will flesh out, and become box-like. Here I sort of exaggerated the boxy look, just because that's part of cartooning, and it also intensifies the feel, unlike realism. I would recommend studying and observing as much as you can, as it will seriously aid you in the future. References are your friends, use them at your leisure.   STEP 7. Here's differences between two types of paws. As you can see, a relaxed paw has a softness to it (appearing relaxed and calm), and it doesn't have the exaggerated detailing as the tense paw. This is because, when in stressful situations, 'stress' will cause tension and therefore, lots of detailing to accentuate that feeling. So generally, using lots of detailing to a stressful or villainous character will signify something isn't 'right'.   Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7.